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Metodin esitys - Mielenliikutuksien tutkistelu. Metafyysillisiä mietelmiä.
Ren Descartes syntyi Maaliskuun 31 pivn v. 1596 Touraine'n maakunnassa sijaitsevassa pikkukaupungissa, Lahaye'ssa. Descartes'n perhe oli vanhaa Touraine'n aatelia. Filosofin isois oli soturi, mutta tmn poika, filosofin is, valitsi rauhallisen ammatin, ja nimitettiin v. 1586 Rennes'n parlamentin neuvokseksi. Descartes'n iti kuoli rintatautiin joku piv senjlkeen kuin oli hnet synnyttnyt. Poika peri idilt kuivan yskns ja kalpeutensa, jotka pysyivt hness hnen kahdenteenkymmenenteen ikvuoteensa saakka. Tmn johdosta lkrit luulivat, ett hn kuolisi nuorena. Is omisti senthden kivuloiselle pojalleen hell huolta; imettj korvasi idin hoitoa. Tmn hoitajattarensa vaivoja Descartes ei unhottanut, vaan osotti viel tysi-ikiseksi vartuttuaan kiitollisuuttaan hnt kohtaan antamalla hnelle elinkautisen elkkeen. Kahdeksanteen vuoteensa asti sai poika vapaasti leikitell; ei tahdottu opinnoilla eik milln tyll rasittaa hnen ruumiillisia ja henkisi voimiaan. Nuori Descartes osottautui kuitenkin jo tll ijlln miettiviseksi ja tiedonhaluiseksi, kysellen selityksi ja syit kaikkeen, niin ett hnen isns kutsui hnt pieneksi filosofikseen. Kahdeksanvuotiaana pantiin poika La Flche'n kouluun, jossa hnen runsaat hengenlahjansa alusta piten herttivt suurta huomiota. Monilla kysymyksilln ja nerokkailla huomautuksillaan hn usein saattoi filosofianopettajansa suuresti hmille, sill poika vaati aina perinpohjaista ja jrkiperist selityst. Vaikka filosofia oli nuoren Renn lempiaine, ei siihen aikaan vallalla oleva filosofia, eik sen opettamistapa hnt tyydyttneet. Sill hness oli jo aikaiseen hernnyt kriitillinen henki. Jo myhempin kouluvuosinaan rupesi Descartes itsenisesti mietiskelemn sek panemaan paperille mietiskelyns tuloksia. Kouluaikanaan hn luki kaikenlaisia teoksia, mitk suinkin joutuivat hnen ksiins. Myhemmin, kun hn kytti miltei kaiken tyaikansa laajoihin tutkimuksiinsa, hn ei juuri lukenut kirjoja, eik hnen kirjastossaan ollut muita teoksia kuin ne, jotka muut tekijt olivat hnelle lahjoittaneet. Filosofiassa siis Descartes'lla jo kouluajalla rupesi olemaan omat mielipiteens, koska hn ei pannut suurta arvoa opettajiensa esittmn filosofiaan. Muista aineista viehtti hnt runous ja ennen kaikkea matematiikki, koska sen perusteet hnen mielestn olivat kaikista selvimmt. ......Buy Now (To Read More)
Ebook Number: 15085
Author: Descartes, René
Release Date: Feb 16, 2005
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